Eye Focus: How is Glaucoma Detected?
How is Glaucoma Treated?
Early diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma can often mean the difference between vision and blindness. If you are diagnosed with glaucoma the goal is to prevent loss of vision. The good news is that your Eyes On 40 eye doctor offers numerous treatment options for glaucoma including eye drops, pills, laser surgery or a combination of the above.
Forms of Glaucoma
There are several types of glaucoma. The two main types are Open-angle and Angle-closure.
Open-Angle Glaucoma, the most common type of glaucoma, is caused by the slow clogging of the drainage canals, resulting in increased eye pressure. “Open-angle” means that the angle where the iris meets the cornea is as wide and open as it should be. Open-angle glaucoma is also called primary or chronic glaucoma and develops over time.
Angle-Closure Glaucoma has a closed or narrow angle between the iris and cornea, it develops very quickly, with noticeable symptoms and damage.
It is also called acute glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma and it demands immediate medical attention.
Normal-Tension Glaucoma (NTG)
Also called low-tension or normal-pressure glaucoma. In normal-tension glaucoma the optic nerve is damaged even though the eye pressure is not very high. We still don't know why some people’s optic nerves are damaged even though they have almost normal pressure levels.
This type of glaucoma occurs in babies when there is incorrect or incomplete development of the eye's drainage canals during the prenatal period. This is a rare condition that may be inherited. When uncomplicated, microsurgery can often correct the structural defects. Other cases are treated with medication and surgery.
Are you over 40 and struggling to read?
If reading up close has become a challenge, then it may be time for multifocal contacts or eyeglasses. Or perhaps you would prefer progressive lenses or reading glasses. What ever your vision needs, our eye doctors at Eyes On 40 are here to help!
4 Ways to Save Your Vision Over Age 40
1) Multi-focal Contact Lenses - Get the distance to see clearly up close & far away each day with Multifocal contact lenses, both in the regular & 1-day varieties.
2) Multi-focal Eyeglass Lenses - Eyeglass lenses with more than one power to help those of us over age 40 deal with the normal, age-related loss of near vision called presbyopia.
3) Progressive Lenses - These lenses have a gradual change in power from the top to the bottom of the lens, providing a range of powers for clear vision far away, up close and everywhere in between.
4) Reading Glasses - It's worth it to go with custom-made reading glasses (versus the drugstore variety) - you will experience extra comfort and precise vision.