From the very beginning, when your child first opens their eyes, you know that their vision is very important for how they will learn and cope with the world around them. Children first view things in black and white and shades of grey, and they will not develop the ability to see in color for several months. A baby can only focus on objects within 8 to 12 inches, but eventually they will learn to focus their vision further out. After about 3 or 4 months, a baby will start to follow people or objects with their eyes. You’ll actually notice your child begin to reach out for objects as he or she starts to work on their visual development, depth perception, and hand-eye coordination.
Eyes on 40 in Ellicott City, MD has worked with many parents and their children. For example, often their first visit is over a concern that their two or three month old’s eyes aren’t coordinated. It’s important to realize that this is completely normal, and it usually takes until the fourth or fifth month before your baby begins to master the coordination of his or her eyes. By the end of the fifth month, your baby we will be able to utilize both their eyes to interpret the world around him or her. This facilitates binocular fusion, which is the process by which your brain can translate slightly different images sent to each eye and unify them into one image.
Depth perception is also made possible as your child’s eyes become better accustomed uniting images. By 6 months, your babies eyes should be fully developed, and they will interact with the world through navigation. Between 6 and 12 months, your baby will go from crawling to eventually walking, which will demand more from their eyes, such as judging distances, avoiding objects in their way, and using their perception through visual memory and visual discrimination to make sense of their surroundings.
There are many more instances of a child’s development, but the stages of a baby’s eyesight are far easier to track in levels of importance. This brief layout only shows how important a regular comprehensive eye exam is for any child as they go through the many stages of life that come up. To ensure your child avoids eye conditions like strabismus or ambylopia, and ensure they succeed in school, contact your local eye doctor to schedule their annual eye exam today.